Arthritis: Symptoms, Causes and treatment

What causes arthritis?

psoriatic arthritis types

There are different causes of Arthritis. The most popular causes are Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis. While Osteoarthritis affects the bones and joints, autoimmune diseases such as rheumatic conditions seen in rheumatoid arthritis, systemic erythematous lupus – which affects both young and old and may affect other organs.

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However, here are the most common causes of arthritis;

Overuse of the joints: This is common among older people and the elderly. Overuse of your joints just like a machine type leads to wear and tear. It leads to a reduction of cartilage, popularly known as Osteoarthritis. Everyone who lives long enough experiences this type of arthritis.

Obese people suffer from arthritis. This is largely due to stress put on the joints due to extra weight. Athletes, dancers, and people who frequently rely on certain joints are also prone to arthritis.

Autoimmune: This arthritis occurs when the body produces defense cells that end up attacking it, known as Rheumatoid arthritis. Other types of autoimmune disease attack the body instead of defending it-systemic lupus, Multiple Sclerosis, Type 1 diabetes mellitus, Psoriasis, etc.

This type of arthritis can affect anyone with autoimmune genetic factors. Autoimmune arthritis typically affects mid-30s females.

Infectious: This arthritis is caused mostly by septic inflammation known as septic arthritis. It can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or even fungi. Infectious arthritis usually affects large joints such as knee and elbow joints. A few examples of infections that cause arthritis are chlamydia, Gonorrhea, salmonella, hepatitis C, etc. This type of arthritis is prevalent among college-age and late 20s male.

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